Eye Muscle Movement and Cover Tests During Eye Examination

For nearly three decades Dr. Sophie Dao has owned an optometry practice in Milpitas, California. Dr. Sophie Dao, who is capable of administering eye exams in multiple languages, has been named best optometrist in Milpitas every year since 2007.

Regular eye exams become increasingly important with age, particularly for individuals who are already dealing with issues such as glaucoma or age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are several aspects of a thorough eye examination, including the eye muscle movement and cover tests. During the eye muscle movement test an optometrist asks the patient to follow an object with just his or her eyes, while monitoring the patient’s movements. Any abnormal reactions during this part of the exam may indicate an issue with alignment, therefore affecting the patient’s efficiency while reading or doing computer work.

The cover test, meanwhile, requires an individual to focus on an object, first with one eye covered, and then with the opposite eye. An eye professional uses the cover test to determine how well the eyes function together. If, for instance, one eye should turn away from the object, an optometrist may screen for strabismus or similar conditions. A full eye examination may also include refraction testing, a retinoscopy, and an external exam with pupillary reaction monitoring.


The Coalition to Abolish Modern-day Slavery in Asia

Serving the people of Milpitas, California, and surrounding communities, since 1986, Dr. Sophie Dao earned her optometry degree from the School of Optometry at the University of California, Berkeley. She is active in community affairs, and she gives talks and writes articles about eye health and care for local audiences. Fluent in English and Vietnamese, Dr. Sophie Dao is a valuable resource for the Vietnamese immigrant community in California; in addition, she enthusiastically supports the efforts of CAMSA, the Coalition to Abolish Modern-day Slavery in Asia.

Human trafficking today remains one of the world’s largest criminal industries. The largest single form of human trafficking is labor trafficking – forced labor. The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that nearly 21 million people worldwide are working jobs they were coerced or deceived into taking and cannot leave.

In 2008, several non-governmental organizations, including the Boat People SOS, the U.S. Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, the Vietnamese Canadian Federation, and the International Society for Human Rights combined to form CAMSA to fight human trafficking in Asia. In the short time since then, the organization has addressed nearly 70 cases and rescued more than 4,000 victims of human trafficking.

CAMSA employs a three-pronged, victim-oriented strategy to combat modern-day slavery. The first prong is always to identify people held in slavery and to intervene and rescue them. The second is prevention through education of vulnerable people. The third prong is intelligence: using the resources of the coalition’s many members, partners, and allies, CAMSA keeps its information about the strategies and activities of modern-day slavers up-to-date and collaborates with law enforcement to see that justice is done when slavers are caught. CAMSA also advocates for tougher, more effective laws.

More information about CAMSA and its activities is available at the group’s website,.